pub struct Sender<T, R = DefaultRecycle> { /* private fields */ }
Available on crate feature std only.
Expand description

Synchronously receives values from associated Senders.

Instances of this struct are created by the channel and with_recycle functions.

Implementations

Reserves a slot in the channel to mutate in place, blocking until there is a free slot to write to.

This is similar to the send method, but, rather than taking a message by value to write to the channel, this method reserves a writable slot in the channel, and returns a SendRef that allows mutating the slot in place. If the Receiver end of the channel uses the Receiver::recv_ref method for receiving from the channel, this allows allocations for channel messages to be reused in place.

Errors

If the Receiver end of the channel has been dropped, this returns a Closed error.

Examples

Sending formatted strings by writing them directly to channel slots, in place:

use thingbuf::mpsc::blocking;
use std::{fmt::Write, thread};

let (tx, rx) = blocking::channel::<String>(8);

// Spawn a thread that prints each message received from the channel:
thread::spawn(move || {
    for _ in 0..10 {
        let msg = rx.recv_ref().unwrap();
        println!("{}", msg);
    }
});

// Until the channel closes, write formatted messages to the channel.
let mut count = 1;
while let Ok(mut value) = tx.send_ref() {
    // Writing to the `SendRef` will reuse the *existing* string
    // allocation in place.
    write!(value, "hello from message {}", count)
        .expect("writing to a `String` should never fail");
    count += 1;
}

Sends a message by value, blocking until there is a free slot to write to.

This method takes the message by value, and replaces any previous value in the slot. This means that the channel will not function as an object pool while sending messages with send. This method is most appropriate when messages don’t own reusable heap allocations, or when the Receiver end of the channel must receive messages by moving them out of the channel by value (using the Receiver::recv method). When messages in the channel own reusable heap allocations (such as Strings or Vecs), and the Receiver doesn’t need to receive them by value, consider using send_ref instead, to enable allocation reuse.

Errors

If the Receiver end of the channel has been dropped, this returns a Closed error containing the sent value.

Examples
use thingbuf::mpsc::blocking;
use std::thread;

let (tx, rx) = blocking::channel(8);

// Spawn a thread that prints each message received from the channel:
thread::spawn(move || {
    for _ in 0..10 {
        let msg = rx.recv().unwrap();
        println!("received message {}", msg);
    }
});

// Until the channel closes, write the current iteration to the channel.
let mut count = 1;
while tx.send(count).is_ok() {
    count += 1;
}

Attempts to reserve a slot in the channel to mutate in place, without blocking until capacity is available.

This method differs from send_ref by returning immediately if the channel’s buffer is full or no Receiver exists. Compared with send_ref, this method has two failure cases instead of one (one for disconnection, one for a full buffer), and this method will never block.

Like send_ref, this method returns a SendRef that may be used to mutate a slot in the channel’s buffer in place. Dropping the SendRef completes the send operation and makes the mutated value available to the Receiver.

Errors

If the channel capacity has been reached (i.e., the channel has n buffered values where n is the argument passed to channel/with_recycle), then TrySendError::Full is returned. In this case, a future call to try_send may succeed if additional capacity becomes available.

If the receive half of the channel is closed (i.e., the Receiver handle was dropped), the function returns TrySendError::Closed. Once the channel has closed, subsequent calls to try_send_ref will never succeed.

Attempts to send a message by value immediately, without blocking until capacity is available.

This method differs from send by returning immediately if the channel’s buffer is full or no Receiver exists. Compared with send, this method has two failure cases instead of one (one for disconnection, one for a full buffer), and this method will never block.

Errors

If the channel capacity has been reached (i.e., the channel has n buffered values where n is the argument passed to channel/with_recycle), then TrySendError::Full is returned. In this case, a future call to try_send may succeed if additional capacity becomes available.

If the receive half of the channel is closed (i.e., the Receiver handle was dropped), the function returns TrySendError::Closed. Once the channel has closed, subsequent calls to try_send will never succeed.

In both cases, the error includes the value passed to try_send.

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Executes the destructor for this type. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.